PUBLISHED RESEARCHES ON REFEREED JOURNALS

This year, the published articles by different researchers are more than last year which only have 4 published journals/books, then it means that the number of research experts is increasing and that could also mean that the university researchers are improving and growing.

Published Researches on Refereed Journals

Author Title of Manuscript Date of Publication Title of the Journal or Name of Publication
1.    Rey C. Naval, Fredisminda M. Dolojan Determinants of Bt Corn (Zea mays L.) Adoption in Cagayan Valley, Philippines May 6, 2020 Journal on Critical Reviews, Vol. 7, Issue No. 11, ISSN: 2394-5125
2.    Jonathan N, Tariga Standardization and Nutritional Content Determination of Ready-To-Eat Bamboo Shoot Dishes May 6, 2020 Journal on Critical Reviews, Vol. 7, Issue No. 11, ISSN: 2394-5125
3.    German P. Umhaw, Jr., Rey C. Naval, Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Matt Ezekiel S. Abella, Mark Gil S. Hizon, Sancho A. Mabborang Effects of Radiation-Modified Kappa-Carrageenan Supplementation in Corn (Zea mays L.) May 6, 2020 Journal on Critical Reviews, Vol. 7, Issue No. 11, ISSN: 2394-5125
4.    Minajoy B. Wigan The Impact of Biochar Amendment to Bush Sitao Productivity May 6, 2020 Journal on Critical Reviews, Vol. 7, Issue No. 11, ISSN: 2394-5125
5.    Edrienne Myenna Magat, Gregg Austine Balanag, Ana Maria D. Cariño, Allan Fellizar, Teresa Sy Ortin, Leonardo Guevarra, Jr. and Pia Marie Albano Clostridioides difficile Antibody Response of Colorectal Cancer Patients Versus Clinically Healthy Individuals February 22, 2020 Bioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health, Vol. 39, No. 3, doi: 10.12938/bmfh.2020-010
6.    Dyanika P. Nolasco, Jenalyn M. Sarmiento and Elvira A. Tamangan College Academic Stress: Getting by, Muddling Through June 2019 Asian Scientific Journals, Vol. 15, No. 1, ISSN: 2244-0437
7.    Jay-R R. Duldulao Dynamic Alumni Analytics and Mining System July 2020 International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach and Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4, ISSN: 2348-537X
8.    Jhay Mar E. Legaspi, Christian O. Perhiliana, Jamina G. Camayang, Eleanor G. Garingan, Ma. Kristine Grace T. Velasco, Romiro G. Bautista, Jordan C. Ursua, Jr. Scientific Learning Motivations as Predictors of Pre-service Elementary Grade Teachers’ Authentic Assessment March 18, 2020 American Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, doi: 10.12691/education-8-3-4
9.    Cecilia H. delos Trinos, Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Joys M. Guillermo Agricultural Information System and Communication Network: The Case of BT Corn Growers in Amulong, Cagayan July 30, 2020 International Journal of Biosciences, Vol. 17 No. 1, ISSN: 2220-6655 (print);

ISSN: 2222-5234 (online)

10. Elizabeth T. Carig Field Guidebook on Native Trees within the Quirino Forest Landscape June 2020 Book

ISBN: 9789710146932

11. Carldwight O. Ocumen, Jenefer P. Bermusa, Mary Jane R. Laranang, Edward B. Panganiban, Sandy E. Laranang Paperless Smart Classroom Attendance System Using Fingerprint Biometric with SMS through Rapid Application Development Tool September 2020 International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering Research, Volume 8, No. 9, ISSN: 2347-3983
12. Edward B. Panganiban, Jenefer P. Bermusa, Mary Jane R. Laranang, Sandy E. Laranang Students’ Grade Inquiry Kiosk Using Biometric Fingerprint Authentication with SMS Notification to Parents September 2020 International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering Research, Volume 8, No. 9, ISSN: 2347-3983
13. Jay Francis P. Yra, Rodrigo H. Castillo, Jr., Romiro G. Bautista, Jamina G. Camayang, Arben Gibson G. Camayang Students’ Online Learning Readiness and Internet Connectivity: Bases for the Customization of QSU e-Aral November 30, 2020 American Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 11, ISSN (Print): 2327-6126;

ISSN (Online): 2327-6150;

DOI: 10.12691/education-8-11-8

RESEARCH OUTPUT APPLIED FOR PATENTING/PATENTED/APPROVED UTILITY MODEL/COPYRIGHT

 

All of the research outputs applied for the utility model were from the product development department and most of it were presently conducted or being processed by several researchers.

 

Table 36. Research Outputs Applied for Patenting/Patented/Approved UM/Copyright

Title Researcher Number Date Issued Type

(Patent/ UM/ Copyright)

1.    Composition of Bamboo Shoot Pandesal Jonathan N. Tariga 2/2018/000349 July 13, 2020 UM
2.    Processing of Bamboo Shoot Pandesal 2/2018/000350 July 13, 2020 UM
3.    Composition of Sweet Bamboo Shoot Roll 2/2018/000351 July 13, 2020 UM
4.    Processing of Sweet Bamboo Shoot Roll 2/2018/000352 July 13, 2020 UM
5.    Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) Tart Composition Kristine Bernadette B. Mariano 2/2019/000702 March 13, 2020 UM
6.    Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) Tart Process Kristine Bernadette B. Mariano On-going UM
7.    A Composition of Catsup from Breadfruit Isabel F. Salvador On-going UM
8.    Process of Producing  Catsup from Breadfruit On-going UM
9.    Composition of Cookies from Jackfruit Seeds On-going UM
10. Process of Producing Cookies from Jackfruit Seeds On-going UM
11. A Composition of Nuggets from Soybeans Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Isabel F. Salvador, Myleene U. Vagay On-going UM
12. Process of Producing Nuggets from Soybeans On-going UM
13. Composition of “Fermented Squash Juice” as Organic Fertilizer German P. Umhaw, Jr., Fredisminda M. Dolojan On-going UM
14. Process of Making “Fermented Squash Juice” as Organic Fertilizer On-going UM
15. Composition of “Malunggay Canton Noodles” as a Healthy Food Option Fredisminda M. Dolojan On-going UM
16. Composition of “Carrot Canton Noodles” as a Healthy Food Option On-going UM
17. Composition of “Squash Canton Noodles” as a Healthy Food Option On-going UM
18. Composition of “Crispy Fried Squash Stick” as a Healthy Snack Option On-going UM
19. Composition of “Crispy Fried Malunggay Stick” as a Healthy Snack Option On-going UM
20. Composition of “Crispy Fried Carrot Stick” as a Healthy Snack Option On-going UM

 

 

RESEARCH OUTPUTS/TECHNOLOGIES ADOPTED/COMMERCIALIZED

 

The research outputs of Quirino State University researchers are not only intended for testing or experiments, but also commercialized. The product outputs from the product development department were adopted by pastry owners, young entrepreneurs and other LGU’s and barangays.

 

Table 37. Research Outputs/Technologies Adopted/Commercialized

Title of Research Faculty Researcher Name of Adoptor Location
Improvement of Packaging and Participatory Marketing of OTOP developed Peanut Products

*Peanut Butterscotch

Fredisminda M. Dolojan and Danisse Mae P. Hernandez Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA)

 

QSU Compound, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
Organic Soybean By-Product Development, Promotion and Commercialization in Quirino Province

*Soya Butterscotch

*Pandesal Enriched Soya

Fredisminda M. Dolojan Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA) QSU Compound, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
Research and Development of Bamboo Shoot Products for Technology Transfer and Commercialization

*Bamboo Shoot Cupcake, Bamboo Shoot Roll, Panderabong and other Bamboo Shoot Products

Jonathan N. Tariga Princess Cakes and Pastries Aurora East, Diffun, Quirino
Aglipay Bread and Pastries San Leonardo, Aglipay, Quirino
Different Tropical Fruits for Wines and Juices in Quirino Province

*Tropical Fruit Wine and Tropical Fruit Juice

 

 

Mila T. Benabise

Agriculture Students

Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA)  

QSU Compound, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino

 

 

 

 

Promotion and Commercialization of Tissue Cultured Banana

*Tissue Culture Banana Plantlets

Fredisminda M. Dolojan

Elizabeth R. Oppuer

Provincial Local Government Unit (PLGU) of Quirino Capitol Hills, San Marcos, Cabarroguis, Quirino
Local Government Unit (LGU) of Lamut, Ifugao Lamut, Ifugao
Matured Technology for Organic Fertilizer

*Vermicompost

Narcisa S. Aganon ABRASA Multi-Purpose Cooperative Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
DUMALINUNU-2 Sta. Maria Water Irrigation System Association, Inc. Sta. Maria, Maddela, Quirino
TRES REYES ARB Credit Cooperative Tres Reyes, Saguday, Quirino
Maddela Integrated Farmers Savings Development Cooperative Dumabato Norte, Maddela, Quirino
Ready-to-Eat Bamboo Shoot Cooked in Coconut Milk Jonathan N. Tariga Janice B. Tariga

Uncle J Restaurant (UJR)

Villa Santiago, Aglipay Quirino
Bamboo Shoot Muffin Patricia F. Chen

Princess Cakes and Pastries (PCP)

Aurora East, Diffun, Quirino
Bamboo Shoot Sweet Roll
Bamboo Shoot Pandesal
Bamboo Shoot Tart
Package of Technology (POT) on Integrated Pest/Diseases Management of Lakatan Variety Elizabeth T. Carig, Joel G. Carig, Rommel G. Peralta, Elizabeth R. Oppuer Angelito N. Bulga

Victoria Forest and Watershed Developers Association

 

Jerry L. Baccac

San Manuel Forest Developers Association

Victoria, Aglipay, Quirino

 

 

 

San Manuel, Aglipay, Quirino

Package of Technology (POT) on Nursery Management of Lakatan Variety
Package of Technology (POT) on Field Management of Lakatan Variety
Package of Technology (POT) on Field Establishment of Lakatan Variety
Development of Soya Nuggets Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Isabel F. Salvador, Myleene U. Vagay, Edison Kurt M. Pacunla Jethro Bas Caymo Rizal, Diffun, Quirino
Development of Soya Tofu
Development of Soya Milk
Package of Technology (POT) for Oyster Mushroom Fruiting Bag Production Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Aimee Carol Tangonan, Loida Basug

Pammela S. Tobias, Benjie S. Julian, III.

King Darelle Dotuerte Mangandingay, Cabarroguis, Quirino
Budget Utilization Request and Status (BURS) and Obligation Request and Status (ORS) of Quirino State University Jay-R R. Duldulao Cherry P. Collado

QSU – Finance Office

QSU, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
Alumni Tracer of Quirino State University Jay-R R. Duldulao Jonah C. Celestino

QSU – Office of the Alumni Affairs

QSU, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
Library Utilization Monitoring System Ray John M. Ramos Melba L. Daldonado

QSU – Knowledge Center

QSU, Andres Bonifacio, Diffun, Quirino
Banana Pith Pickles Kristine Dela Cruz Barangay Calaocan Calaocan, Cabarroguis, Quirino
Banana Pith Kimchi Kristine Dela Cruz Barangay Calaocan Calaocan, Cabarroguis, Quirino
Rack Brains Educational Mobile Application Melidiossa V. Pagudpud Saguday United Methodist School, Inc. Rizal, Saguday, Quirino
Personnel Information System of QSU Cabarroguis Human Resource OFFICE Reynold A. Rustia Joanne Q. Benavidez

QSU – Cabarroguis Campus Human Resource Office

QSU, Cabarroguis, Quirino

 

 

RESEARCH OUTPUTS USED AS AN EXTENSION PROGRAM

 

The research outputs below were used as an extension program to give information and knowledge to fellow Quirinians.

 

Table 38. Research Outputs Used as an Extension Program

Title Researcher Partner

(BLGU/PO/Community)

Location
1.    Leadership Styles of Diffun Barangay Captains Lorelie B. Marquez & Student-Researchers Association of Barangay Captains Diffun, Quirino
2.    Initial findings on the lived experiences of the children of OFWs Jesusie T. Ramones & Student-Researchers Quirino OFW Credit Cooperative Diffun, Quirino
3.    Office Productivity through ICT Mariel May D. Sobrepeña & Student-Researchers Barangay Secretaries Diffun, Quirino
4.    Acceptability of Freshwater Clam (Corbicula fluminiea) Siomai Ms. Kimberly Gomez (student-researcher) Barangay Bannawag Sur Bannawag Sur, Diffun, Quirino
5.    Infant and Young Child Feeding for Nurses and Midwives Mary Rose C. Liwag Municipal Nutrition Committee, Cabarroguis Cabarroguis, Quirino
6.    Commercialization of QSU-Vermicompost Organic Fertilizer in Support to Organic Rice, Coffee and Vegetables in Quirino Province Dr. Narcisa S. Aganon ●       Tres Reyes ARB Cooperative

●       DUMALINUNU Cooperative

●       ABRASA Cooperative

●       MIFSADECO Cooperative

●       Tres Reyes, Saguday, Quirino

●       Sta. Maria, Maddela, Quirino

●       Diffun, Quirino

●       Dumabato Norte, Maddela, Quirino

7.    Bignay Wine Mila T. Benabise Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA) Quirino State University, Diffun Campus, Diffun, Quirino
8.    Makopa Wine Mila T. Benabise Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA) Quirino State University, Diffun Campus, Diffun, Quirino
9.    Bignay Juice Mila T. Benabise Quirino Young Entrepreneurs Association (QYEA) Quirino State University, Diffun Campus, Diffun, Quirino
10. Banana Pith Kimchi Kristine Dela Cruz Barangay Calaocan (represented by Hon. Fernando M. Dango Calaocan, Cabarroguis, Quirino
11. Tissue Culture Banana Production Elizabeth R. Oppuer, Rommel G. Peralta, Joel G. Carig, Anjomar P. Tuazon, Jesa Jane Sales, Elizabeth T. Carig Victoria Forest and Watershed Developers Association

 

San Manuel Forest Developers Association

Aglipay, Quirino

 

INVENTIONS/TECHNOLOGIES NOT PATENTED BUT UTILIZED BY THE LOCAL COMMUNITY

The table shows the inventions/technologies that were developed by the university researchers and introduced to the local community.

 Inventions/Technologies Not Patented but Utilized by the Local Community

Name of Invention/Title of Technology not patented but utilized by local community Lead Faculty Partner

(BLGU/PO/Community)

Location
1.    QSU- Maddela Vermicompost Organic Fertilizer Dr. Narcisa S. Aganon Community QSU-Maddela Campus

Dipintin, Maddela, Quirino

2.    Banana Pith Kimchi QSU – Cabarroguis Campus Barangay Calaocan (represented by Hon. Fernando M. Dango) Calaocan, Cabarroguis, Quirino
3.    Rack Brains QSU – Cabarroguis Campus Saguday United Methodist School Inc. (represented by Rev. Freddie M. Gamay Rizal, Saguday, Quirino
4.    Web-based Information System of MDRRMO-Diffun Arsenia V. Duldulao MDRRMO Diffun Diffun, Quirino
5.    Barangay Information System of Aurora West Diffun Quirino QSU CITCS – Diffun Campus BLGU Aurora West, Diffun, Quirino

 

CITED FACULTY RESEARCHES BY OTHER AUTHORS

Various researches by the university researchers were cited in some international or CHED-accredited journals. This means that the university researchers are competent internationally.

Cited Faculty Researches by Other Authors

Title of Paper Cited by other Authors Author Title of Paper Where Cited Author Title of Paper/Journal Name/Date/

Volume/No.

1.    Effects of Radiation-modified Kappa-carrageenan Supplementation in Corn (Zea mays L.) German P. Umhaw, Jr., Rey C. Naval, Fredisminda M. Dolojan, Matt Ezekiel S. Abella, Mark Gil S. Hizon, Sancho A. Mabborang K-Oligocarrageenan Promoting Growth of Hybrid Maize: Influence of Molecular Weight Phan Trung San, Chau Minh Khanh, Huyn Hoang Nhu Khanh, Truong Anh Khoa, Nguyen Hoang, Le Thi Nhung, Mguyem Thi Kieu Trinh, Thanh-Danh Nguyen Molecules

ISSN: 1420-3049

August 22, 2020

Vol. 25 No. 17

2.    Science Learning Motivation as Correlate of Students’ Academic Performance Nhorvien Jay P. Llbao, Jessie John B. Sagun, Elvira A. Tamangan, Agaton P. Pattalitan, Jr., Ma. Elena D. Dupa, Romiro G. Bautista Enhancing Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry by Using Kitchen Resources in Ikom, Calabar Cecilia O. Nja, Bernadette C. Ukpepi, Emmanuel A. Edoho, Hope A. Neji Academic Journals on Educational Research and Reviews

ISSN: EISSN-1990-3839

January 2020

Vol. 15 No. 1

Problem-Solving and Problem-Posing Learning Model Enriched with the Multiple Representation in Tetrahedral Chemistry to Enhance Students’ Conceptual Understanding Nurma Yunita Indriyanti, Sulistyo Saputro, Rizki Lukman Sungkar The Natural Science Education, Biology, Education, Physics Education and Chemistry Education Journal

p-ISSN: 1979-7281, e-ISSN: 2443-1281

2020

Vol. 12 No. 1

Analysis of Student Motivation using Chemsketch on Hydrocarbon Topic in SMA Negeri 2 Merauke Dewi Natalia Marpuang, Jesi Jecsen Pongkendek, Muhammad Fath Azzajjad, Sukirno Sukirno Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology and Education

2020

Vol. 3 No. 1

3.    The Effects of Personalized Instruction on the Academic Achievement of Students in Physics Romiro G. Bautista Development of Virtual Reality and Stereo-panoramic Environments for Construction Safety Training Idris Jeelani, Kevin Han, Alex Albert Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

April 27, 2020

Vol. 27 No.

Development of Validation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT)-Based Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 10 Module Melquisedec Edwin C. Ocumen, Liza L. Quimson PSU Multidisciplinary Research Journal

June 10, 2020

Vol. 3 No. 1

4.    The Convergence of Mastery Learning Approach and Self-regulated Learning Strategy in Teaching Biology Romiro G. Bautista Problem-Solving and Problem-Posing Learning Model Enriched with the Multiple Representation in Tetrahedral Chemistry to Enhance Students’ Conceptual Understanding Nurma Yunita Indriyanti, Sulistyo Saputro, Rizki Lukman Sungkar The Natural Science Education, Biology, Education, Physics Education and Chemistry Education Journal

p-ISSN: 1979-7281, e-ISSN: 2443-1281

2020

Vol. 12 No. 1

 

5.    Continuing Professional Development Program as Evidenced by the Lenses of QSU Licensed Professional Teachers Romiro G. Bautista, Violeta G. Benigno, Jamina G. Camayang, Cynthia G. Agaloos, Jordan C. Ursua, Fluter Ng Ligado, Kris N. Buminaang Continuing Professional Development: Awareness, Attitude, Facilitators and Barriers among Nurses in the Philippines Julie Anne Faye S. Palma, Ryan Michael F. Oducado, Bonna S. Palma Nursing Practice Today

p-ISSN: 2383-1154

e-ISSN: 2383-1162

July 1, 2020

Vol. 7 No. 3

Nurses’ Awareness and Participation in Mandatory Continuing Professional Development in the Philippines: A Pilot Survey Ryan Michael F. Oducado,  Julie Anne Faye S. Palma Journal of Nurse and Midwifery

p-ISSN: 2355-052X

e-ISSN: 2548-3811

April 5, 2020

Vol. 7 No. 1

6.    Individual Innovativeness of Pre-service Elementary Grade Teachers Romiro G. Bautista, Cynthia Grace T. Valdez, Eleanor G. Garingan, Jamina G. Camayang, Dennis Norfel P. Horlador, Jefferson N. Manait, Elfie S. Reyes Individual Innovativeness, Self-efficacy and E-learning Readiness of Students of Yenagoa Study Centre, National Open University of Nigeria Gordon Monday Bubou, Gabriel Chibuzor Job Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning

ISSN: 2397-7604

September 15, 2020

Vol 13 No. 1

7.    Impact assessment of community-based forest management in the Philippines: A case study of CBFM sites in Nueva Vizcaya

 

8.    Assessment of Willingness to Pay as a Source of Financing for the Sustainable Development of Barobbob Watershed in Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines

Elizabeth T. Carig

Elizabeth T. Carig, Joel G. Carig, Arvin P. Vallesteros

CBFM: A National Strategy for Sustainable Forest Management Albert P. Aquino and Carl Rookie O. Daquio FFTC Agricultural Policy Article

July 2014

Community perception towards equity in Community Based Forest Management (CBFM): A case of Duru-Haitemba forest reserve in Tanzania Anatory B. Bunduki Tengeru Community Dvelopment Journal

ISSN: 1821-875X

2014, Vol. 1, No. 1

Contribution of community based natural resource management to livelihoods, conservation and governance in Cameroon. A comparative assessment of three community forests in Fako Frud Ngang Thesis of Pan African Institute for Development-West Africa

2015

Impact Assessment of the National Greening Program of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources: Scoping or Process Evaluation Phase (Economic Component) Arvin Vista,
Caesar B. Cororaton,
Arlene B. Inocencio,
Marites M. Tiongco,
Anna Bella S. Manalang,
Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) Discussion Paper Series

2016, No. 2016-27

 

Willingness to Pay for Watershed Conservation: Are we Applying the Right Paradigm? Makarius C.S. Lalikaab, Patrick Meirea, Yonika M. Ngagac, Goddy J. Sangad Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology

Volume 17, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages 33-45

9.    Socioeconomic Impact of Small Water Impounding Projects in Quirino Province, Philippines Rey C. Naval Development of Geographic Information System (GIS)-

Based Decision Support for Identification of Suitable

Sites of Small Reservoir Water Harvesting System for Irrigation Development

Lanie Alejo, Orlando Balderama, Jeoffrey Lloyd Bareng, Bonifacio

Ausa, Elmer Rosete, Jasmine Pasion, Merwin Lazaro and Czarimah Singson

Northern Philippines Journal

Vol. 3. No. 2 / July to December 2017

10. Yogad Folk Songs: Reflections of Life and of Love Divina Gracia S. Sabio  The Future of Yogad: An Appreciative Inquiry on MTB-MLE classroom practices in the Philippines Chareena Quirante The Asian Conference on Literature and Librarians 2016: Official Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2186-2281
11. Perceived stress factors and academic performance of the sophomore IT students of QSU Cabarroguis Campus Lauro S. Aspiras Perceived Stress and Its Association with Positive Mental Health and Academic Performance of University Students Safina Khan, Syeda Shaman-Tus-Sabah Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal 70 (5), 1391-95, 2020
Academic Stress among Tertiary Level Students: A Categorical Analysis of Academic Stress Scale in the Context of Bangladesh Sharon Campbell Phillips, Deb Proshad Halder, Wahiduzzaman Hasib Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 1-16, 2020
Emotional Intelligence,

Academic Stress, and Subjective Wellbeing in Students

Sari Julika

Diana Setiyawati

Faculty of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University

Gadjah Mada Journal Of Psychology (Gamajop)

Volume 5, No. 1, 2019: 50-59

ISSN: 2407-7798

DOI: 10.22146 / Gamajop.4796

College Students’ Problems and Their Link to Academic Performance: Basis for Needsdriven Student Programs Januard D. Dagdag, Hydee G. Cuizon* & Aisie O. Bete Isabela State University, Philippines Journal of Research, Policy & Practice of Teachers & Teacher Education (ISSN 2232-0458/ e-ISSN 2550-1771) Vol. 9, No.